November 7, the National Cancer Awareness Day is embarked to this date to spread awareness amongst every citizen about cancer, teaching tactics of its early detection and preventive measures.
Cancer has always been the biggest concern of medical science and indeed the concern will be the same but the important part is that everyone should be totally aware of what cancer really is and how to face it?
Frequently Discussed Questions:
Q1. Why is it pronounced on November 7?
National Cancer Awareness Day which is perceived to generate awareness about cancer prevention is observed to highlight the significance of increased awareness about cancer prevention and early detection for the general public through means of teachings.
The date, 7th November is embarked to coincide with the birth anniversary of the eminent scientist Madame Curie. Marie Curie is remembered for her discovery of radium and polonium, and her huge contribution to the fight against cancer. Her work led to the development of nuclear energy and radiotherapy for the treatment of cancer.
Q2. What are the avoidable and unavoidable causes of cancer?
Cancer is simply the abnormal growth of cells occurred in the body or on any selective body part and to avoid measures which trigger or stimulate the cells we have some avoidable and non-avoidable causes of cancer.
AVOIDABLE CAUSES OF CANCER
• Tobacco :- Out of all cancer diagnosis, tobacco stands as the 33% cause for cancer. This percentage makes tobacco the most cancer-causing reason.
• Obesity :- Around 20% of the cancer diagnosis results due to obesity aka over-weight of the patient.
• Infectious Pathogens :- Reports point that around 16% of cancer diagnosis is related to infections and other cancer-causing pathogens.
• Insufficient Physical Activity :- Daily physical inactivity becomes the reason for around 5% of cancer diagnosis. Alongside, physical inactivity could be harmful to vital organs and major systems of one’s body.
• Poor Dietary Habits :- Poor diet and absence of vital nutrients also make around 5% of the cancer diagnosis.
• UV rays from sun and tanning devices :- Overall around 2% of the cancer diagnosis is because of UV rays either from the sun or from other tanning devices.
Indeed around 55% of cancers can be prevented just controlling tobacco use and obesity
UNAVOIDABLE CAUSES OF CANCER
• Genetic predisposition :- Several genetic mutations could be the main cause of cancers in the family.
• Environmental Pollution :- Pollution and the pollutants could trigger cancer to a significant amount which then could be the cause of cancer.
• Increasing Age :- With age, the immune system of the body gets weaken and thus could result in a reason for cancer.
Q4. What are the alarming symptoms of cancer?
Cancer in one hand could reflect the symptoms late or on the other hand could show such alarming symptoms at any phase, which you shouldn’t miss and consult a specialist ASAP.
Any of such physical alarming symptoms should never be neglected and in case of any such occurrences, you should take specialist opinion immediately.
Q5. How can we reduce our risks of getting cancer?
To reduce your risks, follow these mentioned points strictly:
• Avoid contact with tobacco and smoking, even avoid second-hand smoke.
• Always use hats, suns cream/lotions, and extra clothing to avoid direct contact with harmful rays or radiations.
• Try avoiding alcoholic supplements as much as possible.
• A diet that’s high in red meats (such as beef, pork, lamb, or liver) and processed meats (like hot dogs and some luncheon meats) raises cancer risk.
• Try to have green leafy vegetables, fruits and food products which are rich in fibres.
• Avoid physical inactivity and try to be as physically active as possible.
• Try to visit your doctor if you find any alarming symptoms mentioned above.
Q6. Is there any role of the vaccine in cancer prevention?
There are two vaccines generally available for cancer prevention. One is for Hepatitis B and the other is for HPV.
Vaccination against Hepatitis B will give protection against liver cancer and vaccination against Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection will give Protection from the cervical, anal canal and penile cancer.
Q7. For which cancers screening methods are available?
• Cervical cancer
• Breast cancer
• Colorectal cancer
• Lung cancer
Cancer is neither a punishment of act or deeds nor it is a communicable disease, it can happen to anyone. Be aware of symptoms of cancer and try to avoid harmful products like smoking, tobacco and alcohol as much as possible. Cancer does not mean death or loss of hope of recovery. Cancer could be treated all it needs is early diagnosis. BE OPTIMISTIC.